Hurley & Dobson - What's My Type?

Four: The Individualist

Deception: Conceit (Envy)
Pseudo-deception: Inferiority
Antidote: Serenity
Pseudo-antidote: Authenticity
Illusion of Reality: Developing singular identity
Self-justification: "I have found the essence of satisfaction."
Time Orientation: Revere the past
Approach to Problem Solving: Withdrawing: "I am satisfied."
Relationship to Life: Way of Reduction: "I am overwhelmed by life."


  1. Would you say that being with people, nurturing personal relationships, and being intensely loyal to the people you love are the innate gifts that bring the greatest pleasure and meaning to your life?
  2. Even in your closest relationships, does fear of loss or abandonment cause you to struggle against feelings of jealousy or possessiveness?
  3. Do you tend to avoid or procrastinate over tasks that require focusing on details or paperwork, seeing them as tedious and depressing?
  4. When presented with a new plan, idea, or project, do you feel that it's important to recognize flaws first so that the possibilities won't become unrealistic and therefore disappointing?
  5. Is your sense of meaning and purpose in life best expressed through the symbols, stories, ad traditions that connect you to people, to your faith, or to life in general?
  6. Have you spent a great deal of time and energy on a quest to understand the meaning of your own life and history, hoping to understand your purpose for being on this earth?
  7. When experiencing the beauty of nature -- for example, a sunset or a budding flower -- do you connect with something spiritual and even sometimes feel your heart will burst because of the sheer wonder of creation?
  8. Do you often feel so many emotions at once that you become confused about which to express first and how to organize your thoughts?
  9. Are you attracted to the dramatic or unusual things in life -- in clothes, food, friends, art, decor?

Kathleen V. Hurley & Theodore E. Dobson

What's My Type?
Use the Enneagram System of Nine Personality Types to Discover Your Best Self
HarperSanFrancisco, 1991, 186 pages